Saturday, March 14, 2020
Outline and discuss the role and importance of Ã¢â¬ËdifferentiationÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËspecializationÃ¢â¬â¢ in ParsonsÃ¢â¬â¢ theory of the evolution of Ã¢â¬Ëmodern societyÃ¢â¬â¢ The WritePass Journal
Outline and discuss the role and importance of Ã¢â¬ËdifferentiationÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËspecializationÃ¢â¬â¢ in ParsonsÃ¢â¬â¢ theory of the evolution of Ã¢â¬Ëmodern societyÃ¢â¬â¢ Introduction Outline and discuss the role and importance of Ã¢â¬ËdifferentiationÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËspecializationÃ¢â¬â¢ in ParsonsÃ¢â¬â¢ theory of the evolution of Ã¢â¬Ëmodern societyÃ¢â¬â¢ ). Essentially, the law needs to be reflective of societal attitudes and beliefs and unless the law keeps abreast with the changes in society, the law will be considered outmoded in modern society. Differentiation is therefore a vital element of social evolution and Ã¢â¬Å"if the law fails to keep pace with reality, it becomes largely impotentÃ¢â¬ (Sifris, 2009). Conversely, it was put by Stoddard (1997: 1) that; Ã¢â¬Å"social change and legal change do not always walk hand in hand and for legal changes to be effective, a cultural shift or change in social norms is necessary.Ã¢â¬ Therefore, provided that social change has taken place, the law should follow suit since Ã¢â¬Å"legal argument can change over time and can be responsive to social pressuresÃ¢â¬ and that Ã¢â¬Å"the general view is that law reflects and responds to external forces: conventional morality, custom, and power are three likely candidates, depending on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s sociological, political and or sceptical inclinationsÃ¢â¬ (Campbell, 2005: 222). Conclusion Overall, Parsons Theory of social evolution adequately reflects the creation of modern society. Accordingly, it was believed by Parsons that the key to social evolution was differentiation and specialization. This is because, as social differentiation occurs; societies naturally adapt and adjust to their changing environments so that they can function more effectively. This enables social evolution to be significantly advanced and helps to shape todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Without differentiation and specialization, the industrial, democratic and educational processes would not have developed and significant changes to the way society functions would not have been made. In addition, despite the fact that the law is responsible for many changes that take effect, the law merely adapts to societal attitudes and beliefs which illustrates the importance of culture differences in shaping societal values. In effect, differentiation and specialization in ParsonsÃ¢â¬â¢ theory are vital for soci al evolution since societies are able to produce more specialised structures that come to be related to each other in more complex ways. 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